STAR Agriculture Unit Standards

Level Cost $17.25 per credit

Part Time

Course Starting February 2019

Welcome to Telford's STAR programme.

Telford specialises in land-based programmes.

What does STAR mean?

“Secondary Tertiary Alignment Resources” provides resources to schools who either are not equipped or not accredited to teach particular subjects. Telford provides the learning material and the assessments and undertakes the marking, the record keeping and the moderation, with the schools reporting the results to NZQA using Telford’s accreditation number: 8505 Telford has a well-established history of providing secondary school students with STAR learning by mail. We have increased our selection of Unit Standards available through our STAR programme, and we are now building on this foundation by also providing quality eLearning to students around the country.

Telford Secondary school agreement

Before study can commence, an enrolment form and Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) must be completed to formalise the agreement between Telford and the school (master copy found in the back of the STAR booklet or at

Please note, signing of the MOU represents the school’s agreement to abide by Telford’s policies and procedures.

Please click here for the STAR enrolment form.

STAR Agriculture Unit Standards


Describe the End Use of Crops and Factors Which Affect Crop Yields, and Interpret Seed Quality   (Level 2 Credit 2) Version 5
 The end-use of growing crops on New Zealand farms; major factors which affect crop yields; seed quality.
16 Describe Pasture Plants and Production, and Ways to Optimise Pasture Growth and Utilisation   (Level 3 Credit 5) Version 5   (PLANT COLLECTION REQUIRED)
 Relationship between legumes and grasses in New Zealand farm pastures; structure and growing stages of pasture plants; ways producers optimise pasture growth and utilisation; major pasture species of local significance and their general attributes.
18 Demonstrate Understanding of Animal Anatomy and Physiology (Level 3 Credit 4) Version 6
 The anatomy of livestock; the structure and function of livestock body systems; structural body parts, ruminant and non-ruminant digestion.
30 Demonstrate Knowledge of Agricultural/Horticultural Property Water Systems (Level 3 Credit 3) Version 5
 Sources of water available for property use; cause of poor water quality in a water supply, problems it can lead to, the possible solutions; common agricultural or horticultural property water supply systems; methods of storing water for agricultural or horticultural property water supply.
36 Select Fencing Support Materials (Level 3 Credit 4) Version 5
 Compare and describe fence support materials, match with purpose and design of the fence; select support materials with regard to soil types and fence design.
571 Demonstrate Knowledge of Wool Production (Level 3 Credit 5) Version 4
 The variable nature of wool fibre and wool production; the  methods of shearing sheep and preparing wool for sale; the sale of wool in New Zealand.
576 Demonstrate Knowledge of a Specific Land-Based Primary Industry (Level 3 Credit 4) Version 4 (Students need to choose one industry from the following:  DEER, SHEEP, DAIRY, CATTLE)
 Industry organisations concerned with a landbased primary industry; farming enterprise operations, the business structures associated with a landbased primary industry farming enterprise; sources of information available to an operator.
1526 Demonstrate Knowledge of Deer Mating (Level 3 Credit 4)  Version 4
 The stages and cycles of reproduction for deer; the factors involved in achieving optimum submission and conception rates in deer; identifying and recording stock in oestrus.
1532 Demonstrate Knowledge of Deer Reproduction, Breeds, Classes, Identification, and Recording (Level 3, Credit 4) Version 4 
 The reproductive organs of deer; deer reproduction; the breeds and classes of deer; and the types of identification and record keeping for deer.
10082 Demonstrate Knowledge of Rearing Weaner or Replacement  Cattle  (Level 3 Credit 4) Version 3

Feeding, health, and welfare requirements of weaner or replacement cattle to achieve optimum performance; liveweight targets to achieve optimum lifetime performance when rearing weaner or replacement cattle. 

10087 Plan Plantings for Insect and Bird Retention (Level 3 Credit 5 ) Version 3
 Assess the insect, in particular bees, and bird requirements for a given situation; assess trees, shrubs, herbs, and flowers for the situation; and plan plantings that meet the bird and insect needs for a given situation.
10090 Demonstrate Knowledge of Rearing Lambs and Hoggets (Level 3 Credit 5) Version 3
 Liveweight targets to achieve optimum lifetime performance when rearing young sheep; and the feeding, health, and welfare requirements of young sheep to achieve optimum performance.
15609 Demonstrate Knowledge of Sheep Milk Production (Level 3 Credit 4) Version 3
 The structure and function of the mammary gland of a sheep; the composition of sheep's milk and factors which influence sheep's milk composition; the features and operation of the main types of farm diary and milking plant; the hazards to people of milking a dairy flock; and are able to perform calculations appropriate to a primary production situation.
19044 Describe the Legal Requirements and Occupational Hazards Associated with Tractor Use (Level 2  Credit 4)  Version 2
 The legal requirements for the operation of tractors both on private property and on public roads; describe occupational hazards associated with tractor use; and identify factors that affect tractor stability. 
19075 Demonstrate knowledge of calving, and associated diseases and health disorders  (Level 3  Credit 3) Version 2
 Calving; and diseases, health disorders, and feeding and health requirements associated with reproduction and calving.
19081 Describe Annual Feed Supply and Demand, Methods to Manage Feed Surpluses and Deficits, and Perform Calculations (Level 2 Credit 3) Version 3
 Describe feed budgeting, and the relationship between annual feed supply and demand; demonstrate knowledge of methods used to manage feed surpluses and deficits; and perform calculations.
19086 Demonstrate Knowledge of Cattle Reproductive Organs, Cycles and Processes   (Level 3  Credit 7) Version 2
 The reproductive organs of cattle; cattle reproduction and related management factors; the factors involved in achieving optimum conception rates in cattle; identifying and recording cattle on heat; perform calculations.
19087 Demonstrate Knowledge of Calf Rearing from Birth to Weaning (Level 3 Credit 4) Version 2
 Calf rearing for calves from birth to four days, and from four days old to weaning; and perform calculations.
19093 Demonstrate Knowledge of Deer Welfare and Stockmanship (Level 2 Credit 5) Version 2
 Deer breed characteristics, stockmanship, and welfare.
19095 Demonstrate Knowledge of the Sale, Purchase, and Transportation of Deer (Level 3, Credit 2) Version 2
 The sale, purchase, and transportation of deer. This unit standard is for people involved in supervisory management on a deer farm.
19103 Demonstrate Knowledge of Methods for Promoting On-farm Livestock Health and Health Problems of Livestock (Level 3 Credit 8) Version 2
  The methods for promoting livestock health; and health problems of a livestock species.
19111 Demonstrate Knowledge of the Types, Breeds, Uses, and Health Requirements of Farm Dogs  (Level 3  Credit 4)  Version 2
 The types, breeds, and uses of farm dogs; and major types of canine ill-health.
19116 Demonstrate Knowledge of Livestock Behaviour and Animal Welfare (Level 2 Credit 2) Version 3
 Livestock behaviour and animal welfare.
19131 Demonstrate Knowledge of Fencing Assemblies (Level 3 Credit 3) Version 2
 Describe the function of assemblies; and identify and describe diagonal end assembly components, horizontal end assembly components, breastplate end assembly components, and tie back assembly components.
19138 Monitor And Interpret Weather Information (Level 2 Credit 4) Version 2
 The distinctions between weather, climate, and micro-climate characteristics; interpreting information supplied on weather maps.
19139 Gather and Record Information from a Rain Gauge, Thermometer, and Barometer; or Weather Station (Level 1, Credit 1) Version 2 
 To gather and record information from a rain gauge, thermometer, and barometer; or weather station.
19140 Demonstrate Knowledge of Water Use and Quality, and Related Land Use Issues in Primary Production (Level 3, Credit 5) Version 2
 Describe restrictions on land and water use by primary producers; and describe water quality and movement problems associated with agricultural and horticultural land use.
19142 Describe the Role of Elements and Fertilisers in Primary Production, and Soil Testing  (Level 3 Credit 6) Version 2
 Roles that elements play in plant health and growth; influence of trace elements on plant health and growth; major types of fertilisers used in primary production; steps in taking samples for a soil test, and additional information to be submitted with a soil test; and demonstrate knowledge of fertiliser compounds and blends, and their compatibility.
19147 Describe the Activities and Hazards in a Wool Shed During Shearing from a Farm Perspective   (Level 2 Credit 2)  Version 2
 Functions and responsibilities of shed workers; responsibilities in relation to legislation, wool shed work hazards identified
19149 Describe Lambing, and the Procedures for Assisting Ewes Having Difficulty Lambing (Level 3 Credit 4)  Version 2
 Lambing, and the procedures for assisting ewes having difficulty with lambing
19157 Demonstrate Knowledge of Sheep Genetics, and Ram Selection (Level 3 Credit 5) Version 2
 Principles of genetics as they affect sheep breeding; the identification and recording of traits for sheep breeding purposes; ram selection; and the selection of sheep for culling, and wastage.
19373 Demonstrate Knowledge of Fertilizer and Implications for Handling and Spreading Fertilizer (Level 3 Credit 2) Version 2
 Fertilizer; compounds blends and mixtures and there compatibility and fertilizer specifications and the implication for fertilizer handling.
21554 Demonstrate Knowledge of Safety with Agrichemicals ( Level 2  Credit  3) Version 1
 The routes of entry of agrichemicals into the body, and types of agrichemical poisoning; how to minimise health risks to agrichemical users; and the signs, symptoms, and first aid management of agrichemical poisoning.
21555 Demonstrate Knowledge of Weeds and Their Control ( Level 2  Credit  4) Version 1   (PLANT COLLECTION REQUIRED)
 Identify weeds, and the ways they survive and spread; and describe methods of weed prevention and control, and the relationship between weed control and plant life cycles.
21557 Identify Plant Pests, Diseases, and Disorders, and Describe Control Measures (Level  3 Credit  4) Version 1
 For plant pests, plant diseases, and plant disorders: define; identify the presence of; describe life cycles, distinguishing features, prevention and control methods.
22174 Demonstrate Knowledge of Soils and Fertilisers  (Level 2  Credit 5) Version 1
 Describe the composition of soil; identify soil texture and structure; describe two soils using the New Zealand Soil Classification; and describe the role of fertiliser for plant health and growth.
22175 Demonstrate Knowledge of Soil Properties and Their Effect on Plant Growth  (Level 3  Credit 10) Version 1
 Describe the formation of soil; describe the soil water properties of soil; describe the chemical properties of soil; describe the biological properties of soil; and describe how modifying soil properties can influence plant growth. 
23541 Locate Hazards, Describe Safety Procedures, and Demonstrate Safe Work Practices in a Rural Workplace (Level 2 Credit 5) Version 1
  In a rural workplace, identify and locate hazards, and describe reporting and emergency procedures; and demonstrate safe work practices.
24542 Demonstrate Knowledge of the Impact of an Agriculture System on Soils  (Level 2  Credit 3) Version 1
  The impact of an agriculture system on soils.
24543 Demonstrate Knowledge of the Formation, and Factors Which Influence Properties, of Soils On-farm (Level 3  Credit 5) Version 1
  The formation of soil; and the factors which influence the physical, chemical, and biological properties of soils on-farm.
24555 Demonstrate Knowledge of  the Safe Operation of a Motorcycle (Level 2  Credit 3) Version 1
  The operation of a motorcycle; motorcycle riding contingency procedures; and the operation of a motorcycle with mounted static and movable load.

Demonstrate the Safe Operation of an All Terrain Utility (Level 2  Credit 3) Version 1

  The operation of an ATVU; ATVU driving contingency procedures; and the operation of an ATVU with trailed equipment and mounted load.

24557 Demonstrate the Knowledge of the Safe Operation of an All Terrain Vehicle  (Level 2  Credit 3) Version 2
  The operation of an ATV; ATV riding contingency procedures; and the operation of an ATV with trailed equipment and mounted load.
24623 Demonstrate Knowledge of Breeds and Classes of Cattle, and Identification and Records for Cattle (Level 2  Credit 2) Version 1
  Breeds and classes, and the methods of identification and record keeping, for cattle.
24624 Demonstrate Knowledge of Cattle Genetics and Selection (Level 3  Credit 5) Version 1
  The principles of genetics as they affect cattle breeding; the identification and recording of traits for cattle breeding purposes; bull selection; selection of cattle for culling, wastage of cattle.
24628 Describe Pasture Supply and Demand, Feeds, and Grazing Systems (Level 3  Credit 7) Version 1
  Pasture and supplement supply and demand, and the use of supplements, for a chosen livestock farming operation; the components, use, and digestibility of livestock feeds; grazing systems; the conservation and use of pasture surpluses; and perform calculations.
24636 Demonstrate Knowledge of Plants in the Agriculture Industry (Level 2 Credit 3) Version 1
  Agricultural plant structures and their functions; the growth stages of agricultural plants; and the life cycles of agricultural plants.
24641 Demonstrate Knowledge of Features, Attributes, Identification, and Records for Sheep (Level 2 Credit 2) Version 1
  Features and attributes of sheep, and the types of identification and record-keeping for sheep.
24642 Describe Sheep Reproductive Organs and Cycles, and Related Management Practices   (Level 3 Credit 5)  Version 1
 The reproductive organs of sheep; sheep reproduction and related management practices; and the factors involved in achieving optimum conception rates in sheep.
24808 Demonstrate Knowledge of Deer Genetics and Mating   (Level 2 Credit 5) Version 1
  Deer genetics and mating
24809 Describe the Contribution of Genetics, Traits, and Productivity Targets to Deer Breeding   (Level 3 Credit 5) Version 1
  Genetics as they affect deer breeding; the identification and recording of traits for deer breeding purposes; and productivity targets and culling of deer
24836 Describe Non-electric Fences, Fence Support Materials, and Safe Practices in Fencing   (Level 2 Credit 2) Version 2
  Non-electric fence types and their suitability for stock type; fence support materials; and employer and employee health and safety requirements, safe handling methods, hazards in fencing, and safety aids and equipment
24837 Describe non-electric fence types and components   (Level 3 Credit 3) Version 1
  Identify and describe fencing wire types and their applications; describe non-electric fences and the material used in their construction; describe fabricated netting used in fence construction; and describe fence support materials

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